Rolling roundels: Development and Evolution of Medieval Chinese-Central Asian Textiles
Presented by Dr. Mariachiara Gasparini
Saturday, October 24, 10 am PST
Online Presentation via Zoom
Admission: Free to TAC Members, $5 Students and members of FAMSF, $10 General Admission.
Zoom registration link will be sent to all TAC members. Non-member registration: https://rolling-roundels-tac-lecture.eventbrite.com
Textiles decorated with beaded or floral roundels enclosing animals, flowers, or hunting scenes became extremely popular across and beyond Central Asia between the 7th and 10th centuries, during the peak of Buddhism in East Asia and the rise of Islam in Central Asia. These roundels became part of both the Chinese and Islamic modular-unit artistic processes, which were later acquired and developed by the Mongols as a unique, visual lingua franca across Eurasia.
Possibly originated in the Sogdian-Turfanese area in the 6th century, these weavings were used as diplomatic gifts and a form of money and crossed the borders of empires and kingdoms. They were received by the Japanese court and preserved in the Shōsō-in and the Hōryū-ji, as well as by the European courts and used as shrouds in Christian cathedrals. They can also be found depicted in Buddhist caves in the western regions of China and Central Asian temples and private residences.
This talk discusses Central Asian textiles in the de Young Museum and other collections worldwide, and illustrates the human dynamics across China’s borders, through the comparison of material culture and the visual arts, and the ways this artistic production shaped art and civilization in the pre-global Eurasian context. Roundel motifs rolled for more than seven centuries along the Silk Road, developing a pre-global model of kinship.
Dr. Mariachiara Gasparini is the Assistant Professor of Chinese Art and Architectural History at the University of Oregon. She is the author of Transcending Patterns: Silk Road Cultural And Artistic Interactions Through Central Asian Textile Images (Perspectives on the Global Past), 2019.
1. Child coat. 8th cent. Silk: weft-faced compound twill (48×82.5 cm/18 7/8 x 32 ½ in.). The Cleveland Museum of Art; purchase from J. H. Wade Fund (1996.2).
2. Fragment. 8th cent. Silk; weft-faced compound twill (10.2 x 7.6 cm/4 x 3 in.). Central Asia. De Young Museum; gift of George and Marie Hecksher (2000.166.6).